The Observer Biography books. She has been called the female Lawrence of Arabia, which, while not inaccurate, fails to give Gertrude Bell her due. London. Omissions? She visited many ruins along the way and became interested in archeology. 5.0 out of 5 stars A REMARKABLE BIOGRAPHY OF GERTRUDE BELL. In 1899 Bell studied Arabic in Jerusalem. Goodman, Susan. She also had an unhappy love affair with a married man. The last three years of her life were devoted to the creation of an archaeological museum in Baghdad. The two of them collaborated on a picture book of their discoveries. Gertrude Bell - retrouvez toute l'actualité, nos dossiers et nos émissions sur France Culture, le site de la chaîne des savoirs et de la création. See Gertrude Bell: The Arabian Diaries, 1913-1914, by Gertrude Lowthian Bell, edited Rosemary O'Brien (already mentioned) and The Oxford Dictionary of National biography– though the the latter merely indicates that she worked for "military intelligence". Au Musée national d’Irak à Bagdad, dont Gertrude Bell fut à l’origine de la fondation et qui fut terriblement pillé suite à l’invasion américaine, il y avait autrefois un buste en sa mémoire sur lequel on pouvait lire: «Gertrude Bell, dont la mémoire sera toujours tenue en affection par les Arabes». There, in 1913, Bell was held captive and robbed. Archéologue, aventurière, agent secret, Gertrude Bell, Christel Mouchard, Lgf. The book is entitled Queen of the Desert: A Biography of the Female Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell, written by Fergus Mason.. Photographie de marie crayon / national geographic. This is the third biography that I've read on this remarkable woman and by far the best. They ordered her home instead (the young man died nine months later). Gertrude Bell, a daughter of wealthy British parents, has no interest in the social life of the London elite. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was the best known traveler in the Middle East and Arabia in the years before World War I. In 1892 Bell traveled to Tehran (now in Iran) to visit her uncle. Deux années plus tard, elle suit les troupes britanniques traversant la Mésopotamie en direction de Bagdad afin de chasser l’armée ottomane. 5.0 out of 5 stars A REMARKABLE BIOGRAPHY OF GERTRUDE BELL. Her father owned an iron works. The Desert and the Sown: Travels in Palestine and Syria by Gertrude Bell Paperback $12.25. Gertrude Bell — 2014-07-10 in Biography & Autobiography . When war broke out in Europe in August 1914, Turkey, which then controlled all of the Middle East, joined Germany in the fight against Great Britain. In 1888 Bell earned a degree from the University of Oxford. She was at one time the most powerful woman in the British Empire: a nation builder, the driving force behind the creation of modern-day Iraq. She also started and directed the Iraq Museum. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (1868-1926) was an English writer, political officer, traveller, archaeologist, and administrator. Gertrude Bell's first love, however, was always archaeology, and as Honorary Director of Antiquities in Iraq, she established the now world-famous antiquities museum in Baghdad. Along the way Bell was robbed of her money and, most importantly, her notebooks. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, spy and archaeologist who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her knowledge and contacts, built up through extensive travels in Greater Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Arabia. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) is often dismissed simply as an intrepid lady explorer/amateur archaeologist: ‘The Daughter of the Desert or a kind of schoolgirl’s Lawrence of Arabia’, as H V F Winstone observes in his immaculately researched biography Gertrude Bell. Gertrude Bell and William Buick turn away from the stands before winning The Weatherbys Bank Cheshire Oaks at Chester racecourse on May 05, 2010 in... Theodolite belonging to Gertrude Bell, The Gill Memorial 1913 awarded to Gertrude Bell, 1913. E. Benn, 1958 and 1961. Only 19 left in stock (more on the way). Née en 1868 dans l'Angleterre victorienne, Gertrude Bell est l'une des scientifiques les plus pluridisciplinaires du 20e siècle : une des premières femmes diplômées d'Oxford, elle est archéologue, alpiniste, photographe, écrivain et analyste politique britannique. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was the best known traveler in the Middle East and Arabia in the years before World War I. She was born in 1868 in the English countryside, into a world of privilege: a wealthy heiress, she could devote herself entirely to her passions … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Pierre angulaire de la création de l’Irak. Read and digest, Mr Blair. This biography has been revised and updated for a new generation and a new political reality. Gertrude B. Elion a joué un grand rôle dans les progrès des sciences pharmacologiques aux États-Unis. There she met a young diplomat and wrote to her parents asking for permission to marry him. In January 1905 Bell made her first extended trip to the Middle East. In 1916 Bell was sent to Basra in Iraq as an assistant political officer. The remarkable life of Gertrude Bell offers invaluable lessons on the state of Iraq today, … Bell also visited Palmyra, the ruins of a Roman city in Jordan. She insisted, for the first time, that antiquities excavated should stay in the country of their origin, thereby ensuring that the National Museum of Iraq, which is her monument in the land she loved, would possess a splendid collection of Iraq’s own antiquities. She wrote a book about her experiences called Persian Pictures, A Book of Travels that was published in 1894. Her grandfather, Sir Isaac By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Gertrude Bell: Explorer, Archaeologist, Diplomat and Spy (2013) British "Queen of Iraq" rests in Baghdad cemetery She never wrote a full account of this journey, though her literary output during the 20 years preceding World War I had been considerable, including Safar Nameh (1894), Poems from the Divan of Hafiz (1897), The Desert and the Sown (1907), The Thousand and One Churches (1909), and Amurath to Amurath (1911). Born in New York in 1918, scientist Gertrude B. Elion had an impressive career, during which she helped develop drugs to treat many major diseases, including malaria … Georgina Howell’s Gertrude Bell biography, reviewed here by Julia M. Asher-Greve, documents the life of this fascinating woman. She was born into a wealthy family and was an excellent student. She also went to the Shi'ite holy city of Karbala. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Author : Gertrude Bell File Size : 88.32 MB Format : PDF, Docs Download : 119 Read : 270 . During the spring of 1900 she went to visit t… Verified Purchase. Daughter of the Desert: The Story of Gertrude Bell, Bodley Head, 1956. Scott Jenkins; 0; 3516; 683; Gertrude Bell était un écrivain, archéologue et responsable politique britannique, connu pour avoir contribué à l'établissement de l'Irak moderne après la Première Guerre mondiale.. Synopsis. Corrections? After the war, she was very involved in the political negotiations that divided the Arab world into new countries and established British political influence in the region. When she recovered, she heard that her younger brother Hugo had died of typhoid. Her per­son­al­ity was char­ac­terised by en­ergy, in­tel­lect, and a thirst for ad­ven­ture which shaped her path in life. Poems from the Divan of Hafiz. Séverine Pierron — 25 mars 2017 à 13h33. Bell was born on 14 July 1868 in Wash­ing­ton New Hall, County Durham, Eng­land – now known as Dame Mar­garet Hall – to a fam­ily whose wealth en­sured her ed­u­ca­tion and en­abled her travels. GERTRUDE BELL. see review. Gertrude Bell, in full Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, (born July 14, 1868, Washington Hall, Durham, Eng.—died July 12, 1926, Baghdad, Iraq), English traveler, administrator in Arabia, and writer who played a principal part in the establishment in Baghdad of the Hāshimite dynasty. Gertrude Bell Biographie. Her grand­fa­ther was the iron­mas­ter Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, an in­dus­tri­al­ist and a Lib­eral Mem­ber of Par­lia­ment, in Ben­jamin Dis­raeli's sec­ond term. In 1909 she left from Aleppo in Syria and traveled through the valley of the Euphrates River to Baghdad, visiting Babylonian sites along the way. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. She was born into a wealthy family and was an excellent student. Bell blamed herself for having been careless and causing all the difficulty. Gertrude Bell, Berg, 1985. In 1899 Bell studied Arabic in Jerusalem. Gertrude Bell Gertrude Margret Lowthian Bell, född 14 juli 1868 i Washington Hall, County Durham, England, Storbritannien, död 12 juli 1926 i Bagdad i Irak, var en brittisk forskningsresande och arkeolog. I thoroughly enjoyed reading the life of Gertrude Bell. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Gertrude Bell is the sort of subject who requires both burdens to be carried well. Reviewed in the United States on July 16, 2013. Gertrude Bell, Jonathan Cape, 1978. Gertrude Bell is best remembered for playing a key role in establishing modern-day Iraq after World War I. 'The … Gertrude "Trudy" Belle Elion (January 23, 1918 – February 21, 1999) was an American biochemist and pharmacologist, who shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with George H. Hitchings and Sir James Black for their use of innovative methods of rational drug design for … https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/gertrude-bell-30341.php She returned to Baghdad and soon developed pleurisy. Bell returned to Damascus in May 1914, having gained an unprecedented knowledge about the deserts of northern Arabia and the ruined cities that are found there. The British intelligence bureau in Cairo hired her as an advisor on Arabia. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. During the spring of 1900 she went to visit the Druse in the mountains of southern Lebanon. Gertrude Bell, A. and C. Black, 1958. Gertrude Bell, from Her Personal Papers, 2 vols. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926), ca. Tibble, Anne. Archaeologist, feminist, stateswoman and Iraq’s first director of antiquities, Gertrude Bell frequently traveled where no Western woman had gone before. Gertrude Bell, in full Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, (born July 14, 1868, Washington Hall, Durham, Eng.—died July 12, 1926, Baghdad, Iraq), English traveler, administrator in Arabia, and writer who played a principal part in the establishment in Baghdad of the Hāshimite dynasty. She became an important policy-maker in the British Empire as a result of her extensive knowledge and contacts, which she built up through her numerous travels in Mesopotamia, Greater Syria, Asia Minor, and Arabia. Bell traveled to the Middle East for the first time in 1892 to visit her uncle, who was the British ambassador to Tehran in Persia (now Iran). She then went mountain climbing in the Alps and took two trips around the world with her brother. Her family's fortune had begun to decline due to the onset of post-World War I worker strikes in Britain and economic depression in Europe. She helped place the Hāshimite ruler Fayṣal I on the throne of Iraq in 1921. Gertrude Bell stands between Samuel and pilot. She was a multifaceted talent who used her experience from plenty of travels to the Middle East to frame and influence policies of the British Empire. Explore books by Gertrude Bell with our selection at Waterstones.com. Travels. Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction . Bell was alone except for Arab servants and stayed in tents as well as in the houses of the wealthy, where her family could provide her with introductions. Her vast correspondence was published in an edited form in two volumes by her stepmother in 1927. She died on July 12, 1926 in Baghdad, Mandatory Iraq. Occupying Iraq has never been a straightforward affair. Short Biography. Bell briefly returned to Britain in 1925, and found herself facing family problems and ill health. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was a British writer, traveller, political analyst, administrator in Arabia, and an archaeologist who mapped and identified Anatolian and Mesopotamian ruins. But her heart was set on an Arabian journey, which she began in 1913, being the second woman (after Lady Anne Blunt) to visit Haʾil, where she was not favourably received, although she ever afterward favoured the Ibn Rashīd dynasty in its struggle against the Ibn Saʿūd dynasty. Bell decided to return to Arabia to forget her unhappiness. Winstone, H.V.F. Letters from Baghdad: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Gertrude Bell, ... One example can be found in the 1983 first volume of William Manchester’s three-part biography of Winston Churchill, The Last Lion, where the caption for a famous photo of Bell, T.E. She was also a writer and an archaeologist. When she was finally released, Arab hostility forced her to cut her journey short rather than continue to Riyadh as she had originally intended. Noté /5. Updates? Born in 1868 into a world of privilege, Bell tur She then returned to England where she joined a movement that opposed women's suffrage. James Buchan on the extraordinary life of Gertrude Bell… Daughter of the Desert: The Remarkable Life of Gertrude Bell by Georgina Howell Pan Macmillan £20, pp518. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Bell's uncle, Sir Frank Lascelles, was British minister at Tehran, Persia. In 1907 Bell returned to Asia Minor with the British archeologist Sir William Ramsay to help excavate early Christian churches. She was transferred to Baghdad the following year, where she made her home for the rest of her life. Gertrude Bell Biography also Gertrude Bell on her translations of Hafiz; Works by or about Gertrude Bell in libraries (WorldCat catalog) Archival material relating to Gertrude Bell listed at the UK National Archives; Selwood, Dominic. His role in British pol­icy-mak­ing ex­posed Gertrude at a y… Gertrude Bell was born into a wealthy family in the English county of Durham on July 14, 1868. Gertrude Bell is best remembered for playing a key role in establishing modern-day Iraq after World War I. Lawrence (the famous "Lawrence of Arabia") and helped formulate the British strategy of encouraging the Arabs to revolt against the Turks. Gertrude Bell’s brilliant career at Oxford, where she took a first in history in 1887, was followed by some time spent in Tehrān, where her uncle Sir Frank Lascelles was British minister. Download » Gertrude Bell, happily for her family and friends, was one of the people whose lives can be reconstructed from correspondence. History was one of the few subjects women were allowed to study, due to … This knowledge was to be of great value. Gertrude Bell : biography 14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926 Her work was specially mentioned in the British Parliament, and she was awarded the Order of the British Empire. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £25. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, spy and archaeologist who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her knowledge and contacts, built up through extensive travels in Greater Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Arabia. Gertrude Bell : biography 14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926 Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, archaeologist and spy who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her skill and contacts, built up through extensive travels […] Gertrude Bell's tent, Saudi Arabia, 1913. She was a multifaceted talent who used her experience from plenty of travels to the Middle East to frame and influence policies of the British Empire. She described it as "a white skeleton of a town, standing knee-deep in the blown sand." Gertrude Bell was born on July 14, 1868 in Washington New Hall, County Durham, England as Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell. There she met a young diplomat and wrote to her parents asking for permission to marry him. This item: Queen of the Desert: A Biography of the Female Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell (Bio Shorts) by Fergus Mason Paperback $9.99. Everyone but editor Tiptoethrutheminefield seems to believe that Gertrude Bell was a spy. Gertrude Bell, cette femme hors du commun, qui fut appelée la reine du désert, Khatun, la Dame, n'existe plus sur nos écrans radar de la notoriété, l'histoire a balayé son nom, ne retenant que celle de Lawrence d'Arabie, son nom à lui figure ici ou là au Moyen-Orient. Balls, receptions, and a life of privilege bring her only boredom. Her famous and powerful grandfather Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, born in 1816, was a metallurgical chemist and perhaps the country’s foremost industrialist. archaeologist, traveler and diplomat, who was highly influential in helping the British Empire exert its dominance in the Transjordan, Ottoman and Mesopotamian regions of the Middle East. She wrote a book about her experiences called Persian Pictures, A Book of Travelsthat was published in 1894. • Bell, Gertrude (1897). It is not necessary to read the book to attend the event, but for those seeking winter reading, the book can be found online at various bookseller websites and is also available in Kindle format. She had become fluent in Arabic, Persian, French and German as well as also speaking Italian and Turkish. The book is entitled Queen of the Desert: A Biography of the Female Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell, written by Fergus Mason. Pilot in flight suit greets Sir Herbert Samuel. 1910 — Courtesy of Gertrude Bell Photographic Archive, Newcastle University. In May 1892, after leaving Oxford, Bell travelled to Persia to visit him. She graduated with high honors in history. We still tend to see Gertrude Bell as a woman. Letters from Baghdad: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Gertrude Bell, a documentary from New York-based filmmakers Zeva Oelbaum and Sabine Krayenbuhl, opened … She became friends with T.E. Archaeologist, linguist, and the greatest woman mountaineer of her age, in 1921 she drew the boundaries of the country that became Iraq. They ordered her home instead (the young man died nine months later). All Rights Reserved. At the city of Alexandretta in southern Turkey she hired a servant, Fattuh, who was to stay with her for the rest of her life. And yet, as Winstone demonstrates, such labels fail to do justice to her or to her […] Gertrude Bell, CBE (14. heinäkuuta 1868 Washington Hall, County Durham, Englanti – 12. heinäkuuta 1926 Bagdad) oli brittiläinen tutkimusmatkailija, kirjailija, poliittinen virkailija, arkeologi ja vakooja, joka toimi ensimmäisen maailmansodan aikana Britannian tiedustelupalvelulle, ja josta tuli myöhemmin merkittävä vaikuttaja Britannian siirtomaapolitiikassa. Gertrude Bell : biography 14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926 Gertrude Bell received her early education from Queen’s College in London and then later at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University at age 17. When the Turkish soldiers of the Ottoman government arrived, they found a nearby village deserted, the inhabitants having fled for fear of retribution. Gertrude Bell’s legacy is not recognized today, probably, because her personality and her achievements are still border-line for our epoch. This is the third biography that I've read on this remarkable woman and by far the best. Gertrude Bell, la femme qui a dessiné l’Irak Temps de lecture : 7 min. Bell wrote about her experiences in Syria: The Desert and the Sown, published in 1907. Reviewed in the United States on July 16, 2013. Gertrude Bell, vividly told and impeccably researched by Georgina Howell, is a richly compelling portrait of a woman who transcended the restrictions of her class and times, and in so doing, created a remarkable and enduring legacy." Gertrude Bell Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. She was skilled with languages, learning many throughout her life. She was skilled with languages, learning many throughout her life. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Facing ill health and profound loneliness, Bell took a fatal dose of sleeping pills and died July 12, 1926, in Baghdad. Explore books by Gertrude Bell with our selection at Waterstones.com. Bell traveled to the Middle East for the first time in 1892 to visit her uncle, who was the British ambassador to Tehran in Persia (now Iran). Winstone] sur Amazon.fr. Her mother died in childbirth two year after Bell's birth, and a stepmother raised the young child. The British intelligence bureau in Cairo hired her as an advisor on Arabia. Burgoyne, Elizabeth. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Née à New York d'un père dentiste émigré lituanien, elle a vu ses études bouleversées par les difficultés engendrées par la grande crise économique de 1929. … there’s never a dull moment in the peerless life of this trailblazing character." Kann, Josephine. She visited Palestine and Syria in that year and was often back in the Middle East during the next decade, extending her travels to Asia Minor. She visited Palesti… Gertrude Bell est née le 14 juillet 1868 à Durham, en Angleterre. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell was born on July 14, 1868, in Durham, England. The whole countryside turned out to try to find the thieves, but the objects reappeared on a rock above her camp. Verified Purchase. She was a fearless trailblazer who spurned the comforts of Victorian England for a life of adventure and accomplishment, including extensive exploration through uncharted Arabia in the uneasy last days of the Ottoman Empire. Submitted Image. Gertrude Bell: 7 Facts About Her Fascinating Life - Biography T E Lawrence and Gertrude Bell - Bell with the familiar cigarette in hand By the time of her death on 12th July 1926, she was very frail and very ill. Bouts of malaria had taken their toll, and Bell developed bronchitis and pleurisy in quick succession. In 1888 Bell earned a degree from the University of Oxford. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell was born on July 14, 1868, in Durham, England. In 1899, Bell again went to the Middle East. Lisez des commentaires honnêtes et non biaisés sur les produits de la part nos utilisateurs. rude Margaret Lowthian Bell was born on July 14, 1868, in Durham, England. Some consider the present troubles in Iraq are derived from the lines Bell helped draw to create its borders. She will lead a discussion of a book about Gertrude Bell, a British archaeologist, mountaineer, army officer, diplomat, and spy in World War I. The author, through the lens of the life of Miss Bell sheds much light on the current political climate in Iraq. Bell was very involved in the political negotiations that divided the Arab world into new countries and established British political influence in the Middle East. Returning to the political and intellectual salons in England and Europe for a decade, she did not until 1899 embark on the career of Arabian activities that made her famous. 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